It might sound unlikely that a 109 cm (3 ft 7”) man with dwarfism played in a major league baseball game in America, but Edward Carl Gaedel did just that in in 1951 when he played as an official team member of the St Louis Browns. His appearance as a pinch hitter in a game against the Detroit Tigers was a publicity stunt organised by the owner of the St Louis Browns team, Bill Veeck. Gaedel was a variety performer and Veeck signed him to the team with an official contract, which was voided the next day by the American League president. Gaedel was not allowed to strike the ball, due to insurance concerns, but did appear on the plate in uniform. After his one-off on-field appearance, he went on to appear in many promotional events over the years, but came to a sad end when he died of a heart attack at the age of 36 after being beaten up on the streets of Chicago.