With a peak of 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) above sea level, Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world. Located in the Mahalangur mountain range in Nepal and Tibet, Everest was first declared the world’s highest peak in 1856. Originally referred to as Peak XV, the mountain was named by the British Surveyor General of India Andrew Waugh in honour of his predecessor Sir George Everest. Following many failed (and tragic) expeditions, the first ascent of Everest was achieved in 1953 by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay.
photo: Bernard Goldbach / flickr