The most powerful earthquake ever recorded struck Chile in the afternoon of May 22nd, 1960. The epicentre of the massive earthquake was found in the town of Lumaco in the west and measured 9.5 on the moment magnitude (Richter) scale. The massive tremor was felt across 400,000 square kilometres (150,000 sq mi) and was followed by huge tsunamis which battered the Chilean coast. Waves of up to 25m (82ft) caused huge loss of life and destruction of property in Southern Chile and reached Hawaii, Japan, China Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines. The earthquake also triggered landslides in the Andes, although most of the areas affected were uninhabited. Reports vary, but estimates put the fatalities of the earthquake at between 3,000 and 6,000 and an economic cost of between $400 and $800 million.